They provide safe protection in all circumstances. Lütze power supplies with a U/I characteristic perform current limiting to typically 1.2 times the nominal current at constant output voltage. This current is still available in case of an overload or a short circuit.
Like other power supplies, an SMPS transfers power from a DC or AC source (often mains power, see AC adapter) to DC loads, such as a personal computer, while converting voltage and current characteristics.
The switching power supply implies higher efficiency due to the high switching frequency, enabling it to use a smaller, less-costly high-frequency transformer as well as lighter, less-costly filter components. Switching power supplies contain more overall components, therefore are usually more expensive.
Despite the name, Power Supply Units (PSU) do not supply systems with power – instead they convert it. Specifically, a power supply converts the alternating high voltage current (AC) into direct current (DC), and they also regulate the DC output voltage to the fine tolerances required for modern computing components.
Electrical outlets deliver alternating current, or AC, power. Most electrical devices require direct current to function. A power supply converts the AC power into DC. During this conversion, the output may waver, occasionally requiring regulation.